Updates to Glaw & Vences 2007



A compendium of corrections for the authoritative guide to the herpetofauna of Madagascar

Dr. Frank Glaw and Professor Miguel Vences wrote the first edition of the definitive guide to Madagascar’s Amphibians and Reptiles in 1992. Since then, we have had two new versions (1994, 2007). The latest of these is nearly a decade out of date now, and contains many undescribed taxa. While it is not within my ability to direct you in the adding of all of the newly described species to your copy of this book, I here list the species that were not yet described but were figured in that book (listed by page number, and species number on that page – species ending in AUTHOR will be updated at a later date).

Note: I maintain this page periodically. It is neither 100% complete, nor am I liable for fallacies it might contain. It also does not contain species described since 2007 that were not figured in the guide.

p. 108, sp. 3: Scaphiophryne matsoko Raselimanana, Raxworthy, Andreone, Glaw & Vences, 2014

p. 118, sp. 1: Rhombophryne testudo: records from Andapa and Sambava refer to R. coudreaui or an undescribed related species.

p. 118, sp. 2: Rhombophryne coudreaui: correct attribution (Angel, 1938), not 1838.

p. 118, sp. 3: Rhombophryne serratopalpebrosa: known only from the holotype. Records of ‘other specimens from Marojejy (fig. 3a)’ refer to R. vaventy Scherz, Ruthensteiner, Vences & Glaw, 2014. ‘Specimens from Anjanaharibe (fig. 3b)’ refer to R. regalis.

p. 118, sp. 5: Rhombophryne guetherpetersi: morphology unclear but under review by us. Tibiotarsal articulation reaches the insertion of the arms; possessing large tibial and dorsolateral glands; weak superciliary spines!

p. 118, fig. “5?” above: Rhombophryne ornata Scherz, Ruthensteiner, Vieites, Vences & Glaw, 2015

p. 118, fig. “5?” below: probably Rhombophryne tany Scherz, Ruthensteiner, Vieites, Vences & Glaw, 2015

p. 119, fig. 3a: Rhombophryne vaventy Scherz, Ruthensteiner, Vences & Glaw, 2014

p. 119, fig. 3b: Rhombophryne regalis Scherz, Hawlitschek, Andreone, Rakotoarison, Vences & Glaw, 2017

p. 119, fig. 5: not Rhombophryne guentherpetersi. Probably a new species.

p. 120, sp. 1: undescribed Rhombophryne species (also figured on p. 121 1a and 1b); name ‘alluaudi’ transferred to genus Plethodontohyla by Bellati et al. 2018 [pdf]. Map pertaining to this species is useless, because it does not distinguish Rhombophryne and Plethodontohyla lineages. Plethodontohyla alluaudi is restricted to southeastern Madagascar, from Ranomafana region down to Tolagnaro.

p. 120, sp. 2: Rhombophryne mangabensis Glaw, Köhler & Vences, 2010

p. 124, sp. 6: Plethodontohyla fonetana Glaw, Köhler, Bora, Rabibisoa, Ramilijaona & Vences, 2007

p. 126, sp. 1: Stumpffia tetradactyla from Nosy Mangabe refers to S. analanjirofo Rakotoarison, Scherz, Glaw, Köhler, Andreone, Franzen, Glos, Hawlitschek, Jono, Mori, Ndriantsoa, Rasoamampionona, Riemann, Rödel, Rosa, Vieites, Crottini & Vences, 2017 [highres pdf (72 MB)|lowres pdf (15 MB)]

p. 126, sp. 2: Stumpffia tridactyla from Andasibe refers to S. obscoena Rakotoarison, Scherz, Glaw, Köhler, Andreone, Franzen, Glos, Hawlitschek, Jono, Mori, Ndriantsoa, Rasoamampionona, Riemann, Rödel, Rosa, Vieites, Crottini & Vences, 2017 [highres pdf (72 MB)|lowres pdf (15 MB)]

p. 126, spp. 3,4: moved to Anilany Scherz, Vences, Rakotoarison, Andreone, Köhler, Glaw & Crottini, 2016 by Scherz et al. 2016 Mol. Phyl. Evol. 100:372

p. 128, sp. 3: Stumpffia gimmeli refers to multiple different species; see Rakotoarison et al. 2017 [highres pdf (72 MB)|lowres pdf (15 MB)]

p. 130, sp. 5: Stumpffia kibomena Glaw, Vallan, Andreone, Edmonds, Dolch & Vences, 2015

p. 130, sp. 6: Stumpffia nigrorubra Rakotoarison, Scherz, Glaw, Köhler, Andreone, Franzen, Glos, Hawlitschek, Jono, Mori, Ndriantsoa, Rasoamampionona, Riemann, Rödel, Rosa, Vieites, Crottini & Vences, 2017 [highres pdf (72 MB)|lowres pdf (15 MB)]

p. 130, sp. 7: Stumpffia diutissima Rakotoarison, Scherz, Glaw, Köhler, Andreone, Franzen, Glos, Hawlitschek, Jono, Mori, Ndriantsoa, Rasoamampionona, Riemann, Rödel, Rosa, Vieites, Crottini & Vences, 2017 [highres pdf (72 MB)|lowres pdf (15 MB)]

p. 130, sp. 8: Stumpffia achillei Rakotoarison, Scherz, Glaw, Köhler, Andreone, Franzen, Glos, Hawlitschek, Jono, Mori, Ndriantsoa, Rasoamampionona, Riemann, Rödel, Rosa, Vieites, Crottini & Vences, 2017 [highres pdf (72 MB)|lowres pdf (15 MB)]

p. 135, fig. 5d: Cophyla puellarum Rakotoarison, Crottini, Müller, Rödel, Glaw & Vences, 2015. 27.3–33.6 mm SVL, yellowish green venter, toes 1<2<3<5<4, fingers 1<2=4<3, tibio-tarsal articulation between forelimb and tympanum, call 326–390 ms 3–4 times per 10 seconds.

p. 136, sp. 5: Platypelis ravus Glaw, Köhler & Vences, 2012, 17–19mm SVL

p. 140, sp. 4: Anodonthyla emilei Vences, Glaw, Köhler & Wollenberg, 2010

p. 142, sp. 3: Anodonthyla vallani Vences, Glaw, Köhler & Wollenberg, 2010

p. 142, sp. 4: Anodonthyla jeanbai Vences, Glaw, Köhler & Wollenberg, 2010

p. 148, sp. 5: Boophis calcaratus Vallan, Vences & Glaw, 2010

p. 152, sp. 3: Boophis androngoloaka (Ahl, 1928) – resurrected by Glaw et al. 2010 Zootaxa 2383:1-82

p. 152, sp. 4: Boophis piperatus Glaw, Köhler, de la Riva, Vieites & Vences, 2010

p. 154, sp. 4: Boophis narinsi Vences, Gehara, Köhler & Glaw, 2012

p. 154, sp. 5: Boophis arcanus Glaw, Köhler, de la Riva, Vieites & Vences, 2010

p. 160, sp. 2: Boophis quasiboehmei Vences, Köhler, Crottini & Glaw, 2010

p. 160, sp. 4: Boophis popi Köhler, Glaw, Rosa, Gehring, Pabijan, Andreone & Vences, 2011

p. 162, sp. 3: Boophis brachychir (Boettger, 1882) – resurrected by Glaw et al. 2010 Zootaxa 2383:1-82

p. 162, sp. 4: Boophis entingae Glaw, Köhler, de la Riva, Vieites & Vences, 2010

p. 164, sp. 1: Boophis roseipalmatus Glaw, Köhler, de la Riva, Vieites & Vences, 2010

p. 164, sp. 2: Boophis spinophis Glaw, Köhler, de la Riva, Vieites & Vences, 2010

p. 164, sp. 4: Boophis obscurus (Boettger 1913) – resurrected by Glaw et al. 2010 Zootaxa 2383:1-82

p. 166, sp. 1: Boophis tsilomaro Vences, Andreone, Glos & Glaw, 2010

p. 166, sp. 4: Boophis praedictus Glaw, Köhler, de la Riva, Vieites & Vences, 2010. Known from Makira, Masoala (see next comment) and Vevembe; Vences et al. 2010 Zootaxa 2544:54.

p. 166, sp. 5: According to Vences et al. 2010 Zootaxa 2544:54, this ‘species’ probably just represents juveniles of B. praedictus, as the depicted individual on page 167 is identical in 16S rRNA sequence to a specimen of B. praedictus from Makira.

p. 168, sp. 4: Boophis sandrae Glaw, Köhler, de la Riva, Vieites & Vences, 2010

p. 170, sp. 2: Boophis tampoka Köhler, Glaw & Vences, 2007—additional localities in northern Madagascar that are somewhat strongly genetically differentiated (Antambato, Antsohihy-Befandriana, Sahaovy, and Antsatramidola) were reported in Vences et al. 2011 Herpetology Notes 4:239.

p. 172, sp. 3: Boophis boppa Hutter, Lambert, Cobb, Andrianpanonanana & Vences, 2015

p. 172, sp. 4: Boophis miadana Glaw, Köhler, de la Riva, Vieites & Vences, 2010

p. 172, sp. 5: Boophis haingana Glaw, Köhler, de la Riva, Vieites & Vences, 2010

p. 172, sp. 8: Boophis luciae Glaw, Köhler, de la Riva, Vieites & Vences, 2010

p. 174, spp. 1 & 2 were moved to the Boophis ulftunni species group, together with B. baetkei Köhler, Glaw & Vences, 2008 (top left figure on p. 446), but were then placed into the B. majori species group by Hutter et al. 2018.

p. 174, sp. 1: Boophis ulftunni Wollenberg, Andreone, Glaw & Vences, 2008

p. 174, sp. 2: Boophis lilanae Köhler, Glaw & Vences, 2008

p. 182, sp. 2: Aglyptodactylus australis Köhler, Glaw, Pabijan & Vences, 2015

p. 182, sp. 4: Aglyptodactylus inguinalis (Günther, 1877) – resurrected by Köhler et al. 2015 Zootaxa 4006:401

p. 182, sp. 4: Aglyptodactylus chorus Köhler, Glaw, Pabijan & Vences, 2015

p. 186, sp. 3: Blommersia dejongi Vences, Köhler, Pabijan & Glaw, 2010

p. 186, sp. 4: Blommersia variabilis Pabijan, Gehring, Köhler, Glaw & Vences, 2011

p. 186, sp. 5: Blommersia galani Vences, Köhler, Pabijan & Glaw, 2010

p. 202, sp. 5: Guibemantis wattersoni Lehtinen, Glaw & Vences, 2011

p. 204, sp. 5: Guibemantis tasifotsy Lehtinen, Glaw, Andreone, Pabijan & Vences, 2012

p. 216, sp. 6: Gephyromantis ranjomavo Glaw & Vences, 2011

p. 218, sp. 2: Gephyromantis atsingy Crottini, Glaw, Casiraghi, Jenkins, Mercurio, Randrianantoandro, Randrianirina & Andreone, 2011

p. 220, sp. 4: Gephyromantis tahotra Glaw, Köhler & Vences, 2011

p. 240, sp. 3: Mantidactylus schulzi Vences, Hildenbrand, Warmuth, Andreone & Glaw, 2018

p. 266, spp. 1 & 2 transferred to genus Palleon Glaw, Hawlitschek & Ruthernsteiner, 2013

p. 270, sp. 2: Brookesia tristis Glaw, Köhler, Townsend & Vences, 2012

p. 270, sp. 3: Brookesia desperata Glaw, Köhler, Townsend & Vences, 2012

p. 270, sp. 3: Brookesia micra Glaw, Köhler, Townsend & Vences, 2012

p. 276, spp. 1 & 2: Brookesia ambreensis synonymised with B. antakarana by Scherz et al. 2018 [pdf]

p. 290, sp. 1: Refers to a species complex. True C. boettgeri is restricted to Nosy Be and nearby areas of the mainland. Records from Montagne d’Ambre and one specimen from Manongarivo refer to C. linotum (Müller, 1924), revalidated by Prötzel et al. 2015 Zootaxa 4048:211. Records from Marojejy and other areas toward the east may refer to C. uetzi Prötzel, Vences, Hawlitschek, Scherz, Ratsoavina & Glaw, 2018, but need to be re-evaluated. Numerous other species have been described from this complex since 2007, so the section of the book referring to species with occipital lobes is completely out of date.

p. 290, sp. 2: Refers to a species complex, the unravelling of which has not yet begun.

p. 292, spp. 1 & 2: Don’t even bother. It’s a mess. >7 species involved.

p. 296, sp. 4: Member of Calumma nasutum species group.

p. 300, sp. 2: Divided into three species by Florio et al. 2012 J. Evo. Biol. 25:1Furcifer lateralis restricted to eastern and highland populations, F. major restricted to southern and southwestern populations, and F. viridis restricted to western and northwestern populations.

p. 306, sp. 2: Furcifer timoni Glaw, Köhler & Vences, 2009

p. 332, sp. 1: populations from Ibity and Itremo described as Madascincus pyrurus Miralles, Köhler, Glaw & Vences, 2017; figures 1a and 1b on p. 333 therefore depict M. pyrurus.

p. 332, sp. 2: Considered conspecific with Madascincus igneocaudatus by Miralles et al. 2016 Zoosyst. Evol. 92:257 until new data are available.

p. 332, sp. 3: Considered a junior synonym of Madascincus polleni by Miralles et al. 2016 Zoosyst. Evol. 92:257.

p. 332, sp. 4: Populations from the west of Madagascar (Mahajanga and south) represent Madascincus polleni, and those from the north represent M. stumpffi. This information is mixed across Miralles et al. 2016 Zoosyst. Evol. 92:257 and Miralles & Vences 2013 PLoS ONE 8:e68242.

p. 338, spp. 1–3: transferred to Flexiseps Erens, Miralles, Chatrou & Vences, 2017 by Erens et al. 2017 Mol. Phyl. Evo. 107:466.

p. 338, sp. 4: transferred to Brachyseps Erens, Miralles, Chatrou & Vences, 2017 by Erens et al. 2017 Mol. Phyl. Evo. 107:466, but genetic affinities are not actually clear.

p. 340, spp. 1, 4, 5: transferred to Brachyseps Erens, Miralles, Chatrou & Vences, 2017 by Erens et al. 2017 Mol. Phyl. Evo. 107:466.

p. 340, spp. 2 & 3: transferred to Flexiseps Erens, Miralles, Chatrou & Vences, 2017 by Erens et al. 2017 Mol. Phyl. Evo. 107:466.

p. 342, spp. 1, 2, 5: transferred to Brachyseps Erens, Miralles, Chatrou & Vences, 2017 by Erens et al. 2017 Mol. Phyl. Evo. 107:466.

p. 342, spp. 3, 4, 6, 7: transferred to Flexiseps Erens, Miralles, Chatrou & Vences, 2017 by Erens et al. 2017 Mol. Phyl. Evo. 107:466.

p. 342, sp. 5: considered a possible synonym of B. macrocercus by Erens et al. 2017 Mol. Phyl. Evo. 107:466.

p. 344, spp. 2, 5–8: transferred to Flexiseps Erens, Miralles, Chatrou & Vences, 2017 by Erens et al. 2017 Mol. Phyl. Evo. 107:466.

p. 344 spp. 3 & 4: transferred to Brachyseps Erens, Miralles, Chatrou & Vences, 2017 by Erens et al. 2017 Mol. Phyl. Evo. 107:466.

p. 344, sp. 9: transferred to Pygomeles by Miralles et al. 2015 PLoS ONE 10(6): e0126074. Androngo a junior synonym of Pygomeles.

p. 344, sp. 10: transferred to Voeltzkowia sensu stricto by Miralles et al. 2015 PLoS ONE 10(6): e0126074Sirenoscincus a junior synonym of Voeltzkowia.

p. 346, spp. 1–4, 6: transferred to Grandidierina sensu stricto by Miralles et al. 2015 PLoS ONE 10(6): e0126074.

p. 346, sp. 2: considered conspecific with G. fierinensis by Miralles et al. 2015 PLoS ONE 10(6): e0126074 due to haplotype sharing and lack of genetic differentiation, despite morphological diagnosability.

p. 346, genus Cryptoscincus Mocquard, 1906 synonymised with Paracontias by Crottini et al. 2009 Mol. Phyl. Evol. 55:345-350

p. 352, sp. 1: The population referred to in the Remark was described as Blaesodactylus ambonihazo Bauer, Glaw, Gehring & Vences, 2011

p. 354, spp. 3 & 4: synonymised with Geckolepis typica. Situation complex. Often several species per location.

p. 354, sp. 1: Populations from Ankarana belong to a new species I am currently describing.

p. 378, sp. 1: Species complex. Uroplatus ebenaui is apparently restricted to lowland forests in northwestern Madagascar. Specimens from the east of Madagascar refer to U. fiera Ratsoavina, Ranjanaharisoa, Glaw, Raselimanana, Miralles & Vences, 2015. Specimens from Montagne d’Ambre above ~900 m elevation, with long tails and white mouths, refer to U. finiavana Ratsoavina, Louis Jr., Crottini, Randrianiaina, Glaw & Vences, 2011. Specimens from Marojejy and surrounds in northeastern Madagascar refer to an undescribed candidate species. Specimens from Tsaratanana and nearby area may refer to U. kelirambo Ratsoavina, Gehring, Scherz, Vieites, Glaw & Vences, 2017 or U. fotsivava Ratsoavina, Gehring, Scherz, Vieites, Glaw & Vences, 2017. At least one more candidate species is known. Different members of the complex can be distinguished by dimensions of the tail and the colour of the oral mucosa. Only U. ebenaui has a pitch-black mouth.

p. 388, genus Microscalabotes Boulenger, 1883 synonymised with Lygodactylus by Röll et al 2010 Mol. Phyl. Evol. 56:327-335

p. 390, sp. 1: Phelsuma grandis and Phelsuma kochi elevated to species level by Raxworthy et al. 2007 Syst. Biol. 56(6):907-923 and Rocha et al. 2010 Zootaxa 2429:1-28

p. 398, sp. 1: Populations from the east coast assigned to Phelsuma ravenala Raxworthy, Ingram, Rabibisoa & Pearson, 2007

p. 400, sp. 2: Phelsuma borai Glaw, Gehring, Köhler, Franzen & Vences, 2010

p. 402, sp. 1: Phelsuma dorsivittata elevated to species level by Rocha et al. 2010 Zootaxa 2429:1-28

p. 404, sp. 3: Phelsuma parva elevated to species level by Rocha et al. 2010 Zootaxa 2429:1-28

p. 406, genera Sazinia and Acrantophis reinstated into subfamily Sanziniinae Römer, 1956 by Pyron et al. 2013 BMC Mol. Evol. 13:93

p. 406, spp. 1 & 2: both subspecies formally recognised at species level by Reynolds et al. 2014 Mol. Phyl. Evol. 71:201.

p. 410, all Malagasy ‘colubrids’ except Mimophis transferred to family Lamprophiidae Fitzinger, 1843, subfamily Pseudoxyrhophinae Dowling, 1975 by Vidal et al. 2007 CR Biologies 330:182-187

p. 412, sp. 1: transferred to genus Parastenophis Domergue, 1995 by Nagy et al. 2010 Zool. Scripta 39(5)426-435

p. 412, spp. 2-4: transferred to genus Phisalixella Domergue, 1995 by Nagy et al. 2010 Zool. Scripta 39(5)426-435

p. 412, sp. 5: transferred to genus Lycodryas Günther, 1879 by Nagy et al. 2010 Zool. Scripta 39(5)426-435

p. 414, spp. 1-7: transferred to genus Lycodryas Günther, 1879 by Nagy et al. 2010 Zool. Scripta 39(5)426-435

p. 414, sp. 6: Lycodryas pseudogranuliceps has 67-99 dark crossbands on body and tail, not 99-113. Two similar undescribed species may be confused with this species.

p. 430, genus Exallodontophis discovered to be a junior synonym of Elapotinus Jan, 1862, and the species Ex. albignaci a junior synonym of El. picteti Jan, 1862, by Kucharzewski et al. 2014 Zootaxa 3852:179.

p. 434, sp. 3: Liopholidophis baderi Glaw, Kucharzewski, Nagy, Hawlitschek & Vences, 2013

p. 434, sp. 4: Liophidium pattoni Vieites, Ratsoavina, Randrianiaina, Nagy, Glaw & Vences, 2010

p. 438, genus Bibilava synonymised with Thamnosophis Jan, 1863 by Cadle & Ineich 2008 Herp. Rev. 39(3):285-288

p. 442, family Typhlopidae broken into several subfamilies by Hedges et al. 2014 Caribbean Herpetology 49:1-61 and Pyron & Wallach 2014 Zootaxa. Genus Rhamphotyphlops placed in Asiatyphlops Hedges, Marion, Lipp, Marin, & Vidal, 2014 by Hedges et al. 2014 Caribbean Herpetology 49:1-61.

p. 442, almost all Malagasy snakes of genus Typhlops transferred to genus Madatyphlops Hedges, Marion, Lipp, Marin, & Vidal, 2014, in a dedicated subfamily Madatyphlopinae Hedges, Marion, Lipp, Marin, & Vidal, 2014 by Hedges et al. 2014 Caribbean Herpetology 49:1-61.

p. 442, genus Xenotyphlops moved to its own family, Xenotyphlopidae Vidal, Marin, Morini, Donnellan, Branch, Thomas, Vences, Wynn, Cruaud & Hedges, 2010 by Vidal et al. 2010 Biology Letters 6:558.

p. 442, sp. 3: synonymised with Xenotyphlops grandidieri by Wegener et al. 2013 Spixian 32:269.

p. 442, sp. 4: transferred to genus Madatyphlops by Hedges et al. 2014 Caribbean Herpetology 49:1-61.

p. 444, sp. 1-3, 5-8: moved to genus Madatyphlops by Hedges et al. 2014 Caribbean Herpetology 49:1-61.

p. 444, sp. 4: moved to genus Lemuriatyphlops in Asiatyphlopinae by Pyron & Wallach 2014 Zootaxa.

p. 446, “Boophis sp. aff. rappiodes, male, Foret d’Ambre” = Boophis baetkei Köhler, Glaw & Vences, 2008

p. 446, “Boophis sp. aff. periegetes, male, Isalo” = Boophis obscurus (Boettger, 1913)

p. 446, “Guibemantis sp. aff. timidus, Manombo” = G. diphonus Vences, Jovanovic, Safarek, Glaw & Köhler, 2015

p. 446, “Guibemantis sp. aff. punctatus, Ste Luce” = G. annulatus Lehtinen, Glaw & Vences, 2011

p. 448, “Stumpffia sp., living in caves on Nosy Hara” = Stumpffia hara Köhler, Vences, D’Cruze & Glaw, 2010

p. 448, “Rhombophryne sp., Montagne d’Ambre” = Rhombophryne laevipes juvenile

p. 448, “Liophidium sp., Marojejy” = Liopholidophis oligolepis Glaw, Kucharzewski, Nagy, Hawlitschek & Vences, 2013

p. 448, “Liopholidophis cf. martae, Tsingy de Bemaraha” = Thamnosophis mavotenda Glaw, Nagy, Köhler, Franzen & Vences, 2009